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The Center for European Policy Analysis (CEPA) recently published a 38-page study, Russian Cyberwarfare: Unpacking the Kremlin’s Capabilities by two esteemed researchers, Irina Borogan and Andrei Soldatov. The opening premise is that Russia has not demonstrated its cyber warfare adroitness in support of its invasion of Ukraine. Whether the Russians tried, and their efforts failed due to the capabilities of Ukraine’s cyber defenders or because leadership meddling disrupted the execution strategies of the professional cyber warriors, hasn’t yet been revealed. What is evident is that the Ukraine example has called into question the Russian playbook being technologically focused and suggests that the political quotient is much more in play than perhaps previously suggested.